A Survey of English Bynames: Occupational Bynames
by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (Kathleen M. O'Brien)
© 2002-2013 by Kathleen M. O'Brien. All rights reserved.
Version 1.6, updated 28 June 2013
This article is a work in progress. The bynames are being added in no particular order.
For the most part, they are being added as I need to research certain types of bynames
for S.C.A. names.
In extracting names for this article, I am focusing on names that:
- are dated in the source
- appear in England
- are dated to circa 1600 or earlier
Later names are likely to be inherited surnames rather than literal bynames, but I have
included them here to show the evolution of the names.
- Not all links work at this time. Some unworking links are notes to myself to go
back and add pages for a particular byname or element.
- I have not checked these entries for typos. For people using this article, I would highly
recommend you check the original source to confirm spellings. As I find typos, I will correct them.
- Bynames are intended to be listed in all places they should logically appear.
Therefore, some bynames will be listed on multiple index pages.
General Classes of Bynames
- Martial & Military
- Fine Arts (Books, Manuscripts, Illumination, Painting, Carving & Sculpting)
- Fiber Arts (Weaving, Clothing, Shoes, etc.)
- Food & Beverage (Cooking, Brewing, & Vinting)
- Performance Arts (Music, Dance, Acting)
- Community & Domestic
- Administrative (Government & Domestic)
- Animals & Farming (Hunt, Raise, etc.)
- Building & Construction (including materials: stone, wood, etc.)
- Shops (Inn, Tavern, etc.)
- Tools & Utensils (barrels, combs, pins, etc.)
- Transportation (Carts, Ships, Wagons, etc. - including wheels)
Specific Byname Elements
- Indicates a skilled craftsman
- Indicates a maker or seller
- Originally indicated a man
- -knave 'servant or menial'
- -man 'vassal or servant'
- Originally indicated a woman
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