by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien)
© 2000-2006 by Kathleen M. O'Brien. All rights reserved.
Version 2.1, updated 09 September 2006
What we know as a set of Irish Annals are manuscripts that were each compiled during a particular time period, usually using older material as sources. For example, when the Annals of the Four Masters were written from 1632 to 1636, they covered events that occurred centuries and millenia before (including legendary history). So, when an entry in this set of annals refers to a person who lived in the year 738, the spelling used for that person's name is very likely not using the spelling that would have been used in 738.
Standard forms of this name (based on spelling systems of different periods) would be:
|Oghamic Irish (pre-700) nominative form:||[unknown]|
|Oghamic Irish (pre-700) genitive form:||[unknown]|
|Old Irish Gaelic (c700-c900) nominative form:||Drost, Drust|
|Old Irish Gaelic (c700-c900) genitive form:||Drosto|
|Number of men found in the annals with this name:||4|
|Found in Years:||672, 678, 724, 725, 726, 729|
[Answering a question about a standardized forms of this name:]
The DIL gives the nominative as both Drost and Drust, choosing Drost as the headword. The early Drosto genitives suggest that the name was then a u-stem; the later Druist genitive in Simal filius Druist makes it an o-stem; and the accusative Druist makes no sense at all. The general tendency was for masculine nouns to shift to the a-stem declension, so my guess is that originally it was nom. Drost, gen. Drosto, the gen. later becoming Druist. I can't guess when this happened, however, and I certainly don't think that we can safely say that it was between 678 and 725. [email from Talan Gwynek - 25 August 2006]
Further information about the name Drost, Drust may be found in:
The Sources page lists the Annals referenced below. Information about secondary sources is included on that page as well.
In the table below, I have separated individuals with a blank line. That is, when there are multiple entries in the annals that refer to a single person, those entries are grouped together.
Within the list of entries refering to a single person, I have sorted the entries primarily by orthography when it is obvious that what I am seeing is the same entry showing up in multiple annals. The entries that tend to use older spellings are listed first.
Special factors which may affect name usage are marked in the context column.
|AN||indicates a member of an Anglo-Norman family|
|AS||indicates an Anglo-Saxon|
|N||indicates a Norseman|
|P||indicates a Pict|
|R||indicates a person holding a religious office|
|S||indicates a person from Scotland|
NOTE: The Annals referenced below under the code letters A, B, C, E, & F tend to use later spellings than the other Annals. In some cases, the spellings listed in these Annals may not be appropriate for the year referenced in the Annal entry.
In some Gaelic scripts, there is a character that looks approximately like a lowercase f,
but without the crossbar. This character (represented by an underscored Medieval Scotland | Medieval Names Archive | Index of Names in Irish Annals Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.
[Standardized form of this man's name] Annals Entry Context Citation (formatting preserved) (d. ?) U U672.6 Drosto [Note: name is in genitive case due to sentence structure.] T T672.5 Drostó [Note: name is in genitive case due to sentence structure.] (d. 678) U U678.6 Drosto filii Domnaill [Note: name is in genitive case due to sentence structure.] T T678.6 Drosto maic Domnaill [Note: name is in genitive case due to sentence structure.] CS CS678 Drosto meic Domnaill [Note: name is in genitive case due to sentence structure.] (d. ?) U U725.3 Simul filius Druis T T725.3 Simal filius Druist (d. ?) T T724.2 P Drust U U726.1 P Druist regem [Note: name is in accusitive case due to sentence structure.] T T726.1 P Druist regem [Note: name is in accusitive case due to sentence structure.] T T726.4 P Druist U U729.3 P Drust regem Pictorum ["Drust, king of the Picts"] T T729.4 P Drust U U729.3 P Drust T T729.4 P Drust FA FA 197 [year 729] P Drust, righ Alban
Feminine Given Names | Feminine Descriptive Bynames | Masculine Given Names | Masculine Descriptive Bynames
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Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.