A Survey of English Bynames: Copper

by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (Kathleen M. O'Brien)

© 2002-2012 by Kathleen M. O'Brien. All rights reserved.
Version 1.3, updated 24 June 2012

Two bynames are confused in these forms. Some instances refer to a cooper and some refer to someone who works with copper. Reaney & Wilson and Bardsley explain below. Instances that are clearly referring to a cooper, I have filed under that header.
"In the 12th century, copere is certainly a variant of cupere 'cooper', found late as copper, but it may sometimes be from OE coper 'copper'. The short vowel is clearly evidence in Copper above, 'a worker in copper' used by metonymy for copperer." (Reaney & Wilson, p. 109 s.n. Copper)
"Occup. 'the cooper.' Other forms are Cowper and Couper" (Bardsley, pp. 202-203 s.n. Copper)
NameAdditional DescriptionDateSource
JulianalaCopper 1275Reaney & Wilson (p. 109 s.n. Copper)
JohndeKendale, copper24 Edw. I [1295-1296]Bardsley (pp. 202-203 s.n. Copper)
JohnleCopper(e) 1327Reaney & Wilson (p. 109 s.n. Copper)
WilliamleCopperer 1327Reaney & Wilson (p. 109 s.n. Copper)
JohnleCoppar 1 Edw. III [1327-1328]Bardsley (pp. 202-203 s.n. Copper)
JohnleCoppare 1 Edw. III [1327-1328]Bardsley (pp. 202-203 s.n. Copper)
Thomas Copper 1332Lincolnshire Lay Subsidy Rolls
(Parish: Lindsey; Village: Faldingworth; Line: 3)
RobertleCopper 45 Edw. III [1371-1372]Bardsley (pp. 202-203 s.n. Copper)

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