Naming Practices in 16th Century Gloucestershire:
Use of More than One Byname or Surname

by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (Kathleen M. O’Brien)

© 2000-2009 by Kathleen M. O'Brien. All rights reserved.
Version 1.2, updated 01 October 2009


In all cases in these records, all records that include more than one surname or byname for a single person fall into two categories: "Alias" Style Surnames and True Locatives. There are no examples of unmarked double surnames in these records.

I have compiled a list of the Spellings of Locations found in records in the Registers of St. Mary's, Dymock, between 1538 & 1600/01.


"Alias" Style Surnames

These are cases where a person seems to be known by two different surnames and these are documentary attempts at recording that fact. They seem to fall into two groups: (1) a surname and what seems to be a literal occupation or literal locative, and (2) two inherited surnames. Some of the entries that fall into the second category are obviously cases of children born of parents who were not married. The two names thus shown are each parent’s surname.

Breakdown by Marker:

alias
John Debytot alias Gunnell & Annys Hyetwed. 11 Feb 1545/6p. 8
John Chyplet alias Bocher bur. 15 Mar 1546/7p. 10
Thomas Whyte & Elisabethe Mynyat alias Guylliamwed. 31 May 1552p.17
 
alies
Joane d. of Maud Bonnse(e) alies Wylse, the father uncertaynbap. 06 Jan 1585/6p. 48
Joane d. of Maude Bonorsee alies Wylsebur. 16 Feb 1585/6p. 49
Ales d. of Thomas Balden alies Pewtresbap. 20 Aug 1586p. 49
John Glover alies Penrece s. of John & Joane Glover bap. 24 Aug 1588p. 52
Margery d. of Thomas Pewtres ' alies ' Balldenbap. 29 Jun 1589p. 53
Joane Powell aliese Prichates d. of John & Elnerbur. 10 Dec 1597p. 63
John Wylliames alies Millman & Elyzabeth Hopleymar. 17 Jul 1598p. 64
Kateren d. of John & Elyzabeth Wylliams alies Milmanbap. 3 Dec 1598p. 64
Thomas Powell alies Prichetes, s. of John Powellbap. 20 May 1599p. 65
John Milman alies Wylliames s. of John & Elyzabethebap. 18 May 1600p. 66
 
als. (abbrieviation of some spelling of "alias")
Marget Wodd ?a. Hopkyns * [* ?al. Hopkyns inserted later; parchment register gives als.]bur. 28 Feb 1545/6p. 9
Thomas s. of Henry & Annis Gatley als. Taylorchr. 15 Oct 1546p. 9
Marget d. of Henry & Annis Gatley als Taylorchr. 17 Jan 1548/9p. 12
Ric' Myller of Moche Markle & Marget Hill als Dunbrygewed. 10 Feb 1548/9p. 13
John s. of Chrystofer & Elenour Brad als. Pratchr. 14 Nov 1549p. 13
Alys d. of Henry & Annis Gateley als. Taylor chr. 16 Aug 1551p. 16
John Nurbury als. Carlesbur. 25 Aug 1551p. 16
William Dymmock & Elisabethe Chay als Drue wed. 05 Oct 1553p. 19
 
or
Guy s. of Henry & Annys Gatley or Taylorchr. 30 May 1554p. 20
 
otherwise (including: "otherwise called", "otherwyse", otherwyse called")
Margery Beynam otherwise called Weverbur. 25 Feb 1542/3p. 5
William s. of William & Annys Phylypp(es) otherwyse called Davys chr. 13 Feb 1543/4p. 6
Elizabethe Whityng otherwyse Saundersonbur. 24 Aug 1550p. 15
William Hill otherwise called Tawnye the son as it is thought of Richard Hill & Margaret Tawnyechr. 21 Mar 1573/4p. 33
James Pirkines otherwise Hore the son as is thought of William Hore & Johan Pirkineschr. 22 Mar 1573/4p. 33
Elner Warckman otherwise Reese d. of Jane Reese bap. 07 Jan 1579/80p. 40
Wyllyam Heyet s. of Blanch Heyet otherwyse Dobynsbap. 18 Mar 1579/80p. 41

Breakdown by Construction Type:

EntryDatePageMarkerType of 1st surname/ bynameType of 2nd surname/ bynameParish
 
Descriptive & Patronymic
Thomas Peynter & Elizabeth Bushope, alias Tompkynesmar. 29 July 1593 aliasdes.pat.Q
 
Locative & Descriptive
John Nurbury als. Carlesbur. 25 Aug 1551p. 16als.loc.des.D
John s. of Chrystofer & Elenour Brad als. Pratchr. 14 Nov 1549p. 13als.[loc.]des.D
 
2 Locatives
Ric' Myller of Moche Markle & Marget Hill als Dunbrygewed. 10 Feb 1548/9p. 13alsloc.[loc.]D
 
Locative & Occupation
Thomas s. of Henry & Annis Gatley als. Taylorchr. 15 Oct 1546p. 9als.loc.occ.D
Marget d. of Henry & Annis Gatley als Taylorchr. 17 Jan 1548/9p. 12als.loc.occ.D
Alys d. of Henry & Annis Gateley als. Taylor chr. 16 Aug 1551p. 16als.loc.occ.D
Margery Beynam otherwise called Weverbur. 25 Feb 1542/3p. 5otherwiseloc.occ.D
John Glover alies Penrece s. of John & Joane Glover bap. 24 Aug 1588p. 52aliesocc.[loc.]D
 
Locative & Patronymic
Marget Wodd ?a. Hopkyns * [* ?al. Hopkyns inserted later; parchment register gives als.]bur. 28 Feb 1545/6p. 9als.loc.pat.D
Wyllyam Heyet s. of Blanch Heyet otherwyse Dobynsbap. 18 Mar 1579/80p. 41otherwyseloc.pat.D
 
Occupation & Patronymic
Margery d. of Thomas Pewtres ' alies ' Balldenbap. 29 Jun 1589p. 53aliesocc.pat.D
John Milman alies Wylliames s. of John & Elyzabethebap. 18 May 1600p. 66aliesocc.pat.D
Elner Warckman otherwise Reese d. of Jane Reese bap. 07 Jan 1579/80p. 40otherwiseocc.pat.D
Ales d. of Thomas Balden alies Pewtresbap. 20 Aug 1586p. 49aliespat.occ.D
John Wylliames alies Millman & Elyzabeth Hopleymar. 17 Jul 1598p. 64aliespat.occ.D
Kateren d. of John & Elyzabeth Wylliams alies Milmanbap. 3 Dec 1598p. 64aliespat.occ.D
 
2 Patronymics
Joane Powell aliese Prichates d. of John & Elnerbur. 10 Dec 1597p. 63aliesepat.pat.D
Thomas Powell alies Prichetes, s. of John Powellbap. 20 May 1599p. 65aliespat.pat.D
William s. of William & Annys Phylypp(es) otherwyse called Davyschr. 13 Feb 1543/4p. 6otherwyse calledpat.pat.D
 
1 Byname w/ Multiple Origins
Thomas Whyte & Elisabethe Mynyat alias Guylliamwed. 31 May 1552p.17alias[des. or pat.]pat.D
William Parsons, als Skyrton, & Anne Woodemar. 14 Apr. 1600alsocc. or loc.[loc.]M
James Pirkines otherwise Hore the son as is thought of William Hore & Johan Pirkineschr. 22 Mar 1573/4p. 33otherwisepat.des. or loc.D
 
1 Byname Unidentified
William Hill otherwise called Tawnye the son as it is thought of Richard Hill & Margaret Tawnyechr. 21 Mar 1573/4p. 33otherwise calledloc. D
John Debytot alias Gunnell & Annys Hyetwed. 11 Feb 1545/6p. 8alias loc.D
John Chyplet alias Bocher bur. 15 Mar 1546/7p. 10alias occ.D
Joane d. of Maud Bonnse(e) alies Wylse, the father uncertaynbap. 06 Jan 1585/6p. 48alies pat.D
Joane d. of Maude Bonorsee alies Wylsebur. 16 Feb 1585/6p. 49alies pat.D
William Dymmock & Elisabethe Chay als Drue wed. 05 Oct 1553p. 19als pat.D
Elizabethe Whityng otherwyse Saundersonbur. 24 Aug 1550p. 15otherwyse pat.D


True Locatives

[Note: These examples are taken from Dymock only. I did not check other parishes for instances of true locatives.]

These are cases where the entry seems to be a documentary form indicating a true locative; that is the "of" or "de" phrase is literal – the person likely comes from that place.

There is one instance of a true locative and no surname. That is:
John of Avocull & Jane Atkenswed. 13 Jun 1580p. 41

All other entries have an inherited surname followed by a locative.

All of the instances, regardless of whether there is a surname present, contain "of" or "de" as the locative marker.

Here are the specific entries:

de
Wyllyam Coper de Cetfordbur.23 Dec 1595p. 61
Elener w. of Thomas Wylse de *Nethe[rton] *Doubtless Netherton: see 09 Nov., 1597bur. 27 Feb 1596/7p. 62
Thomas Wylse de Nevertonbur. 09 Nov 1597p. 63
Lewes Grene & Ales Morell de Kempleymar.11 May 1598p. 64
Josephe s. of Roger Branch(e) de Bromsbarowbap.01 Jun 1600p. 66
 
of
John. s. of William & Helen Thloyd of Ledbury par.chr. 14 May 1544p. 7
Jone d. of Thomas & Mawd Wylls of Alemschr. 03 Apr 1546p. 9
Guy s. of Thomas & Annys Hill of Hunteschr. 03 Jan 1546/7p. 10
Thomas Jones of Glocesterbur. 29 Jan 1548/9p. 12
Ric' Myller of Moche Markle & Marget Hill als Dunbrygewed. 10 Feb 1548/9p. 13
Clemence Sandy d. of Christofer Sandy of Glocester, the mother uncertaynebur. 14 Jun 1553p. 18
An d. of Rychard Brodeforde of Dymokebur. 07 Feb 1558/9p. 21
Vater Jaxens & An. d. of Tomas Wynett of Up Homemar. 12 May 1559p. 21
Rychard Hoper of Markel & Margett Gundemar. 25 Nov 1563p. 25
Thomas Wynett of Uphomebur. 11 Apr 1565p. 26
Richard Hill of Ledburi & An Pewtresmar.01 Jun 1567p. 27
Thomas Hill of Huntsbur. 18 Aug 1567p. 27
Gey Hill of Hunts, brother to Thomasbur. 18 Aug 1567p. 27
Thomas Heb of Kempley, a pedlerbur. 16 Aug 1570p. 30
Thomas Herford of Michel Mauwern [Gt. Malvern] and An a Guyllammar. 15 Nov 1568p. 29
Johan Morell of Kempeley & Ales Benett of Dymockwed. 25 Sep 1570p. 31
Margery Wills of Gamage Hallbur. 29 Jan 1570/1p. 31
William Whitte of Wotton under Hedge & Elizabeth Loveregewed. 09 Feb 1570/1p. 31
Hary s. of John Hoper of Ledentonbap. 16 Oct 1574p. 33
Thomas Hill of Olde Shealesbur.16 Feb 1575/6p. 35
Henry Wylton of Dynnyngton [Donnington]bur. 21 Jul 1576p. 36
Thomas Wynyeat of Judgmentesbur. 04 Jun 1577p. 37
Wyllyam Wynnyeat of Nethertonbur. 24 Mar 1577/8p. 38
Nycolas Conysbee & Kateren Wylse of Nethertonmar. 05 Apr 1580p. 41
Daniell s. of John Gray of Glocr.bur. 19 Sep 1580p. 42
Rychard s. of John Hill of Glor.bur. 03 Jan 1580/1p. 42
Marye d. of Thomas Dounton of Glocr, bocherbur. 14 Jun 1583p. 46
Joane Weale of Ockingtonbur. 08 Oct 1585p. 48
Ane Hill of ould Shayles, d. of Thomas & Elyzabethbur. 29 Oct 1585p. 48
Thomas Goode of lin* [*Lintredg in parchment register]bur. 13 Nov 1585p. 48
Wyllyam Hill of Gamag Hallebur.06 Nov 1586p. 49
Edmond Wynniet of Judgmentsbur. 02 Jul 1587p. 50
Joane Wedley of Rytonbur. 22 Apr 1588p. 51
John s. of John Woore of Londonbur. 22 May 1589p. 53
John Hankings of Ockentonbur. 09 Mar 1590/1p. 55
John s. of Margery Hollen the father uncertayn but the imputed father is on[e] Wyllyam Turner of Twiningbap. 06 Apr 1591p. 55
Franses s. of John Brocke of Bromsbarowebur. 04 Nov 1591p. 56
Gwye Wylse of Pithousebur. 01 Apr 1593p. 58
Ane d. of Gorge & Maud Hunt of Ledburybur. 13 Feb 1593/4p. 59
John Hoper of Judgmentesbur. 20 May 1598p. 64
Edmond Bradford of Brownesbur. 27 Apr 1599p. 65
 
of the
Thomas Wynett of the Grangebur. 17 Mar 1566/7p. 27
Ales w. of Raffe of the Woodebur. 05 Oct 1570p. 31
[Blank] son of William Larance of the Wodebap. 12 Aug 1571p. 31
Margerye d. of Thomas Shayle of the Calowebap. 22 Jun 1578p. 38
John Hill of the Hillashebur. 18 Oct 1578p. 39
Elyzabethe d. of Rychard Hill of the Rockebap. 04 Jun 1580p. 41
Elyzabethe d. of Rychard Hill of the Rockebur. 05 Jun 1580p. 41
John s. of Rychard Hill of the Rockebap. 18 Nov 1581p. 44
Annes Wynnyeat of the owld grangebur. 05 Jan 1583/4p. 46
Rychard Wynniet of the owld granges sengellmanbur.28 May 1587p. 50
Gye Ry[defective, ? Ryley] of the Newe Graingbur. &30 Oct 1589p. 53
Wyllyam Hankinges of the Grene Howsebur. 24 Dec 1590p. 55
Elyzabeth Hill of the Hillashe, wid.bur. 03 Nov 1591p. 56
Joane w. of John Wynnyet of the ould grangbur.25 Dec 1593p. 58
John s. of John & Joane Wynnyet of the Grangebap. 25 Apr 1595p. 60


Medieval Scotland | Medieval Names Archive | Names in Chesham, 1538-1600/1


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