by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien)
© 2000-2007 by Kathleen M. O'Brien. All rights reserved.
Version 2.0, updated 05 March 2007
What we know as a set of Irish Annals are manuscripts that were each compiled during a particular time period, usually using older material as sources. For example, when the Annals of the Four Masters were written from 1632 to 1636, they covered events that occurred centuries and millenia before (including legendary history). So, when an entry in this set of annals refers to a person who lived in the year 738, the spelling used for that person's name is very likely not using the spelling that would have been used in 738.
Standard forms of this name (based on spelling systems of different periods) would be:
|Old Irish Gaelic (c700-c900) nominative form:||Ceithernach|
|Old Irish Gaelic (c700-c900) genitive form:||Ceithernaig|
|Middle Irish Gaelic (c900-c1200) nominative form:||Ceithernach|
|Middle Irish Gaelic (c900-c1200) genitive form:||Ceithernaig|
|Number of men found in the annals with this name:||12|
|Found in Years:||760, 768, 773, 794, 799, 812, 816, 817, 827, 829, 831, 843, 845, 884, 1047, 1155, 1159, 1224, 1264, 1266|
[Answering a question about a standardized forms of this name:]
The name is Ceithernach, formally identical to the noun ceithernach 'member or leader of a ceithern'; ceithern 'a band of fighting-men' is the source of English kern(e). In each case variant spellings without the i are found, but the DIL takes the cei- forms as standard. [email from Talan Gwynek - 04 March 2007]
Further information about the name Ceithernach may be found in:
The Sources page lists the Annals referenced below. Information about secondary sources is included on that page as well.
In the table below, I have separated individuals with a blank line. That is, when there are multiple entries in the annals that refer to a single person, those entries are grouped together.
Within the list of entries refering to a single person, I have sorted the entries primarily by orthography when it is obvious that what I am seeing is the same entry showing up in multiple annals. The entries that tend to use older spellings are listed first.
Special factors which may affect name usage are marked in the context column.
|AN||indicates a member of an Anglo-Norman family|
|AS||indicates an Anglo-Saxon|
|N||indicates a Norseman|
|P||indicates a Pict|
|R||indicates a person holding a religious office|
|S||indicates a person from Scotland|
NOTE: The Annals referenced below under the code letters A, B, C, E, & F tend to use later spellings than the other Annals. In some cases, the spellings listed in these Annals may not be appropriate for the year referenced in the Annal entry.
In some Gaelic scripts, there is a character that looks approximately like a lowercase f,
but without the crossbar. This character (represented by an underscored Medieval Scotland | Medieval Names Archive | Index of Names in Irish Annals Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.
Annals Entry Context Citation (formatting preserved) (d. 760) U U760.2 Ceithernach m. Dothaidh (d. 768-773) U U773.5 R Ceithernach h-ua Erumono, abbas Cluana Ferta Brenaind A M768.7 R Cethernach h-ua Ermono, abb Cluana Ferta Brenainn (d. ?) U U799.2 Coscarach m. Ceithernaich A M794.14 Cosccrach mac Ceithernaigh (d. 799) U U799.7 R Ceithernach abbas Glinne Da Locha (d. ?) U U817.3 Tipraiti, abbas Cluana Ferta Brendain CS CS816 Tibraide ab Cluana Ferta Brenaind I I817.2 Tipraite mc. Cethernaich, abb Cluana Ferta Brennaind A M812.2 Tiobraite, mac Cethernaigh, abb Cluana Fearta Brénainn (d. ?) U U829.1 Mael Umai m. Ceithernaigh equonimus Findubrach A M827.4 Maol Umha, mac Cethernaigh, prioir Fionnabhrach (d. 829-831) U U831.4 R Cernach m. Duncon, scriba & sapiens & sacerdos Airdd Machae A M829.4 R Ceithernach, mac Dunchon, scribhneóir, saccart, & eccnaidh Arda Macha (d. 843-845) U U845.2 R Ceithernach m. Con Dinaisc, secnap Cille Daro CS CS845 R Ceiternach mac Con Dinaisc secnab Cille Dara A M843.11 R Ceithernach, mac Con Dinaisg, prióir Chille Dara (d. ?) U U884.8 Cormacc m. Ceithernaigh, secnap Tire Da Glas & Cluana Ferta Brenainn (d. 1047) CS CS1047 R Ceternach episcopus o Tigh Collainn B M1047.1 R Cethernach, epscop ó Tigh Collain (d. 1047) B M1155.10 Fiacha, mac Cethernaigh Uí Cheirín, tigherna Ciarraighe Locha na n-Airne U2 U1224.2 Mathgamain mac Ceithernaigh h-Ui Ceirín, rí Ciaraidhe Lacha na Nairne C M1224.14 Mathghamhain mac Cethernaigh Uí Cérin tighearna Ciarraighe Locha na n-Airneadh U2 U1264.2 Mathgamain mac Ceithernaigh h-Ui Cheirin, rí Ciaraidhe Co 1266.2 Mathgamain mac Cethernaig h. Cerin ri Ciarraigi C M1266.6 Mathgamain mac Ceithernaigh Uí Ceirín tighearna Ciarraighe (d. 1159) T T1159.6 Ceithernach h-Úa Fallomain, taisech Clainde Uadach B M1159.13 Cethernach Ua Follamhain .i. taoiseach Cloinne h-Uattach
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Medieval Scotland | Medieval Names Archive | Index of Names in Irish Annals
Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.