by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien)
© 2000-2002 by Kathleen M. O'Brien. All rights reserved.
Version 2.0, updated 24 March 2003
"[of] the Tongue" (refers to a linguist)
What we know as a set of Irish Annals are manuscripts that were each compiled during a particular time period, usually using older material as sources. For example, when the Annals of the Four Masters were written from 1632 to 1636, they covered events that occurred centuries and millenia before (including legendary history). So, when an entry in this set of annals refers to a person who lived in the year 738, the spelling used for that person's name is very likely not using the spelling that would have been used in 738.
Standard forms of this name (based on spelling systems of different periods) would be:
|Middle Irish Gaelic (c900-c1200) genitive form:||na Tengad|
|Number of men found in the annals with this name:||1|
|Found in Years:||1022|
[Answering a question about the meaning of na Tengad, and a correct standardized form:]
It's na Tengad "of the tongue", where the noun can, as in English, refer either to the organ or to a language. An interpreter could be called fer tengtha 'man of tongues'. [email from Talan Gwynek - 07 Sep 2002]
Further information about the byname na Tengad, may be found in:
The Sources page lists the Annals referenced below. Information about secondary sources is included on that page as well.
In the table below, I have separated individuals with a blank line. That is, when there are multiple entries in the annals that refer to a single person, those entries are grouped together.
Within the list of entries refering to a single person, I have sorted the entries primarily by orthography when it is obvious that what I am seeing is the same entry showing up in multiple annals. The entries that tend to use older spellings are listed first.
NOTE: The Annals referenced below under the code letters A, B, C, E, & F tend to use later spellings than the other Annals. In some cases, the spellings listed in these Annals may not be appropriate for the year referenced in the Annal entry.
In some Gaelic scripts, there is a character that looks approximately like a lowercase f,
but without the crossbar. This character (represented by an underscored Medieval Scotland | Medieval Names Archive | Index of Names in Irish Annals Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.
[Standardized form of this man's name] Annals Entry Citation (formatting preserved) [Muiren na Tengad] (d. 1022) U U1022.8 Muiren na Tengadh ["Muiren the Linguist"] B M1022.6 Muiren na Tengadh ["Muiren of the tongue"]
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Medieval Scotland | Medieval Names Archive | Index of Names in Irish Annals
Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.