by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien)
© 2000-2002 by Kathleen M. O'Brien. All rights reserved.
Version 2.0, updated 10 September 2002
"[of] the Leather Cloaks"
What we know as a set of Irish Annals are manuscripts that were each compiled during a particular time period, usually using older material as sources. For example, when the Annals of the Four Masters were written from 1632 to 1636, they covered events that occurred centuries and millenia before (including legendary history). So, when an entry in this set of annals refers to a person who lived in the year 738, the spelling used for that person's name is very likely not using the spelling that would have been used in 738.
Standard forms of this name (based on spelling systems of different periods) would be:
|Middle Irish Gaelic (c900-c1200) genitive form:
|na gCochall gCroicinn
|Number of men found in the annals with this name:
|Found in Years:
[Answering a question about a correct standardized form of this byname:]
DIL uses croiccenn as headword, but the citations seem to favor nom. sing. croicenn~croicend; the gen. sing. should be croicinn~croicind. But as two of the three citations make clear, there is nasalization (modern eclipsis) at least of Cochall and possibly of Croicinn as well. Some digging around in Thurneysen seems to indicate that both are nasalized, though nasalization of the second was likely to be omitted. This would make na gCochall gCroicinn probably the best choice for the standardized form. [email from Talan Gwynek - 08 Sep 2002]
Further information about the byname na gCochall gCroicinn, may be found in:
The Sources page lists the Annals referenced below. Information about secondary sources is included on that page as well.
In the table below, I have separated individuals with a blank line. That is, when there are multiple entries in the annals that refer to a single person, those entries are grouped together.
Within the list of entries refering to a single person, I have sorted the entries primarily by orthography when it is obvious that what I am seeing is the same entry showing up in multiple annals. The entries that tend to use older spellings are listed first.
NOTE: The Annals referenced below under the code letters A, B, C, E, & F tend to use later spellings than the other Annals. In some cases, the spellings listed in these Annals may not be appropriate for the year referenced in the Annal entry.
In some Gaelic scripts, there is a character that looks approximately like a lowercase f,
but without the crossbar. This character (represented by an underscored Medieval Scotland | Medieval Names Archive | Index of Names in Irish Annals Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.
[Standardized form of this man's name] Annals Entry Citation (formatting preserved) [Muirchertach na gCochall gCroicinn mac Néill Glúnduibh] (d. 941-943) U U943.2 Muirchertach m. Neill, .i. Muirchertach na Cochall Craicinn, ri Ailigh & Echtoir iarthair beatha ["Muirchertach son of Niall, i.e. Muirchertach of the Leather Cloaks, king of Ailech and the Hector of the western world"] I I943.1 Muirchertaich m. Neill, rigdamna h-Erend ["Muirchertach son of Niall, royal heir of Ireland"] B M941.7 Muirchertach na c-Cochall c-Croicenn, mac Néill Glúnduibh, tighearna Oiligh, Eachtair Iarthair Eorpa ina aimsir ["Muircheartach of the Leather Cloaks, son of Niall Glundubh, lord of Aileach, the Hector of the west of Europe in his time"] B M978.4 Domhnall, mac Muirchertaigh na g-Cochall Crocenn, mac Néill Glúnduibh ["Domhnall, the son of Muircheartach of the Leather Cloaks, son of Niall Glundubh"]
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Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.