by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien)
© 2000-2003 by Kathleen M. O'Brien. All rights reserved.
Version 2.1, updated 02 May 2003
"[of] the Wooden Leg"
What we know as a set of Irish Annals are manuscripts that were each compiled during a particular time period, usually using older material as sources. For example, when the Annals of the Four Masters were written from 1632 to 1636, they covered events that occurred centuries and millenia before (including legendary history). So, when an entry in this set of annals refers to a person who lived in the year 738, the spelling used for that person's name is very likely not using the spelling that would have been used in 738.
Standard forms of this name (based on spelling systems of different periods) would be:
|Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c1200-c1700) genitive form:
|na Coise Crainn
|Number of men found in the annals with this name:
|Found in Years:
A section of entry M1560.6 in the Annals of the Four Masters (vol. 5) explains the origin of this byname:
Do marbhadh, & do báidhedh da chéd nó a tri do glan-shluagh Geraltach & gér bhiad Cairprigh fá cosccrach ro ba mór a n-díth ón deabhaidh-sin óir do benadh a chos, & a lamh do Thoirrdhealbhach Mhac Suibhne co nach raibhe acht cos chroinn agá iomfhulang ón uair-sin go a écc.
which is translated as:
Two or three hundred of the fine troops of the Geraldines were slain and drowned; and though the men of Carbery were victorious, their loss was great from that battle, for Turlough Mac Sweeny lost a leg and an arm, so that he was supported only by a wooden leg from that time until his death."[Source: "E" listed on the Sources page]
[Answering a question about standard forms of na Coissi Croinn:]
According to Dinneen, the standard form is na Coise Crainn. Coissi is noticeably archaic, and the o in Croinn reflects a fairly familiar dialect variation. [email from Talan Gwynek - 17 Apr 2002]
Further information about the byname na Coise Crainn, may be found in:
The Sources page lists the Annals referenced below. Information about secondary sources is included on that page as well.
In the table below, I have separated individuals with a blank line. That is, when there are multiple entries in the annals that refer to a single person, those entries are grouped together.
Within the list of entries refering to a single person, I have sorted the entries primarily by orthography when it is obvious that what I am seeing is the same entry showing up in multiple annals. The entries that tend to use older spellings are listed first.
NOTE: The Annals referenced below under the code letters A, B, C, E, & F tend to use later spellings than the other Annals. In some cases, the spellings listed in these Annals may not be appropriate for the year referenced in the Annal entry.
In some Gaelic scripts, there is a character that looks approximately like a lowercase f,
but without the crossbar. This character (represented by an underscored Medieval Scotland | Medieval Names Archive | Index of Names in Irish Annals Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.
[Standardized form of this man's name] Annals Entry Citation (formatting preserved) [Toirdhealbhach na Coise Crainn mac Maoilmhuire mhic Dhonnchaidh mhic Thoirdhealbhaigh mhic Ruaidhrí Mhic Shuibhne] (d. 1579) E M1579.7 Toirrdhealbhach na Coissi Croinn, mac Maol Muire, mic Donnchaidh, mic Toirrdhealbhaigh, mic Ruaidhri Mec Suibhne ["Turlough of the Wooden Leg, son of Mulmurry, son of Donough, son of Turlough, son of Rory Mac Sweeny"]
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Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.