Index of Names in Irish Annals: Descriptive Bynames: in Derthaige

by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien)

© 2000-2004 by Kathleen M. O'Brien. All rights reserved.
Version 2.2, updated 19 August 2004

Descriptive Bynames: in Derthaige


"[of] the Oratory"


What we know as a set of Irish Annals are manuscripts that were each compiled during a particular time period, usually using older material as sources. For example, when the Annals of the Four Masters were written from 1632 to 1636, they covered events that occurred centuries and millenia before (including legendary history). So, when an entry in this set of annals refers to a person who lived in the year 738, the spelling used for that person's name is very likely not using the spelling that would have been used in 738.

Standard forms of this name (based on spelling systems of different periods) would be:

Frequency & Dates:

Number of men found in the annals with this name: 1
Found in Years: 971, 973

Research Notes:

[Answering a question about the meaning of in Derthaige:]
I believe "oratory" in this case would be a particular type of building (i.e., a building for a particular purpose, rather than a particular shape). [email from Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn - 19 Jul 2002]

DIL lists it as dairthech but shows a great number of variants: dairthach, daurthech, durthech, doirrthech, durthach, dúr(r)thech, derthech, dérthech, derthach, dérthach, and dirthach. The literal sense is "oak-house", but it actually had a more specific meaning:

a penitentiary, oratory, prayer-house (originally of wood), the smallest of the sacred edifices used in Ireland; generally fifteen feet long and ten feet broad. Its value was ten heifers, if thatched with rushes, ten cows if with slates.

It has several citations for derthaighe as the gen. sing. The gen. sing. of tech 'house' was tige or taige, so at least in principle that of dairthech could be either dairthige or dairthaige. [email from Talan Gwynek - 20 Jul 2002]


Further information about the byname in Derthaige, may be found in:

The Sources page lists the Annals referenced below. Information on secondary sources are included on that page as well.

Raw Data

In the table below, I have separated individuals with a blank line. That is, when there are multiple entries in the annals that refer to a single person, those entries are grouped together.

Within the list of entries refering to a single person, I have sorted the entries primarily by orthography when it is obvious that what I am seeing is the same entry showing up in multiple annals. The entries that tend to use older spellings are listed first.

NOTE: The Annals referenced below under the code letters A, B, C, E, & F tend to use later spellings than the other Annals. In some cases, the spellings listed in these Annals may not be appropriate for the year referenced in the Annal entry.

In some Gaelic scripts, there is a character that looks approximately like a lowercase f, but without the crossbar. This character (represented by an underscored , e, in the entries below) sometimes represents e and sometimes ea depending upon the context of the text.

[Standardized form of this man's name]
AnnalsEntryContextCitation (formatting preserved)
[Cináed in Derthaige] (d. 971-973)
II973.2RCinaeda in Durthaige, ánchara h-Erend
BM971.6RCionaedh in Derthaighe, ancoiri Cluana Ferta ["Cinaedh of the Oratory, anchorite of Cluain-fearta"]

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