Index of Names in Irish Annals: Descriptive Bynames: Sotal

by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien)

© 2000-2002 by Kathleen M. O'Brien. All rights reserved.
Version 2.0, updated 21 October 2002

Descriptive Bynames: Sotal


"[the] Proud/Arrogant/Overbearing"


What we know as a set of Irish Annals are manuscripts that were each compiled during a particular time period, usually using older material as sources. For example, when the Annals of the Four Masters were written from 1632 to 1636, they covered events that occurred centuries and millenia before (including legendary history). So, when an entry in this set of annals refers to a person who lived in the year 738, the spelling used for that person's name is very likely not using the spelling that would have been used in 738.

Standard forms of this name (based on spelling systems of different periods) would be:

Frequency & Dates:

Number of men found in the annals with this name: 1
Found in Years: 663, 664, 667, 688, 712, 719, 724, 733, 738

Research Notes:

[Email regarding the byname Sotal:]
DIL s.v. sotal: "proud, arrogant, overbearing", usually used of persons. Not specifically cited as a byname except in connection with Cernach. Survives in the same form as an adjective "proud" and a noun "pride, arrogance, etc.". [email from Talan Gwynek - 19 Oct 2002]


Further information about the byname Sotal, may be found in:

The Sources page lists the Annals referenced below. Information about secondary sources is included on that page as well.

Raw Data

In the table below, I have separated individuals with a blank line. That is, when there are multiple entries in the annals that refer to a single person, those entries are grouped together.

Within the list of entries refering to a single person, I have sorted the entries primarily by orthography when it is obvious that what I am seeing is the same entry showing up in multiple annals. The entries that tend to use older spellings are listed first.

NOTE: The Annals referenced below under the code letters A, B, C, E, & F tend to use later spellings than the other Annals. In some cases, the spellings listed in these Annals may not be appropriate for the year referenced in the Annal entry.

In some Gaelic scripts, there is a character that looks approximately like a lowercase f, but without the crossbar. This character (represented by an underscored , e, in the entries below) sometimes represents e and sometimes ea depending upon the context of the text.

[Standardized form of this man's name]
AnnalsEntryCitation (formatting preserved)
[Cernach Sotal mac Diarmata meic Áeda Slaine] (d. 663-667)
Note: this header contains an Old Irish rendering of his name. The Oghamic Irish form of his name is unknown at this time.
UU664.4Cernaigh filii Diarmato mc. Aedho Slane mc. Diarmada Cerrbeoil mc. Conaill Cremthainne
TT664.2Cernaigh Sotail filii Diarmuda maic Aeda Slaine
AM663.5Cernach Sotal, mac Diarmatta, mic Aodha Sláine
UU667.3Cearnach Sotal m. Diarmoda
UU688.4Niall m. Cernaigh
TT688.4Níall, mac Cernaigh Sotail
TT712.2Maine mac Néill, maic Cernaig Sotail
UU714.4Fogartach h. Cernaigh
AM714.5Fogartach ua Cernaigh
TT716.2Fogartach h-ua Cernaigh
UU716.3Foghartach nepos Cernaigh
AM719.1Fogartach, mac Néill, mic Cernaigh Sotail, h-i righe n-Ereann
AM720.5Foghartach ua Cernaigh
TT724.3Fogartach nepos Cernaigh
UU724.3Fogartach h. Cernaig mc. Neill mc. Cearrnaigh h-Shotail mc. Diarmoda mc. mc. Aedha Slaine
AM733.6Cearnach, mac Foghartaigh, mic Néll, mic Cernaigh Shotail, mic Diarmatta, mic Aodha Slaine
TT738.3Cernach mac Fogartaig maic Neill, maic Cernaigh Sotail, maic Diarmuda, maic Aedha Slaíne
AM756.3Finsneachta, mac Fogartaigh ui Cernaigh
UU761.1Finsnecti filii Fogertaigh nepotis Cernaigh

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