Index of Names in Irish Annals: Descriptive Bynames: Ruadh

by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien)

© 2000-2008 by Kathleen M. O'Brien. All rights reserved.
Version 2.3, updated 07 June 2008

Descriptive Bynames: Ruadh


"Red" (probably refers to hair color)


What we know as a set of Irish Annals are manuscripts that were each compiled during a particular time period, usually using older material as sources. For example, when the Annals of the Four Masters were written from 1632 to 1636, they covered events that occurred centuries and millenia before (including legendary history). So, when an entry in this set of annals refers to a person who lived in the year 738, the spelling used for that person's name is very likely not using the spelling that would have been used in 738.

Standard forms of this name (based on spelling systems of different periods) would be:

Frequency & Dates:

Number of men found in the annals with this name: 78
Found in Years: 1039, 1109, 1231, 1236, 1244, 1246, 1247, 1249, 1259, 1261, 1266, 1268, 1272, 1284, 1297, 1298, 1304, 1305, 1315, 1316, 1328, 1340, 1341, 1342, 1347, 1350, 1363, 1365, 1366, 1367, 1373, 1374, 1381, 1399, 1400, 1401, 1404, 1406, 1407, 1408, 1409, 1415, 1416, 1419, 1420, 1421, 1425, 1432, 1436, 1439, 1441, 1446, 1451, 1453, 1454, 1458, 1461, 1463, 1464, 1467, 1468, 1470, 1478, 1481, 1487, 1488, 1489, 1493, 1494, 1496, 1507, 1522, 1503, 1508, 1510, 1513, 1515, 1519, 1521, 1524, 1525, 1527, 1528, 1530, 1541, 1542, 1551, 1566, 1577, 1579, 1582, 1589, 1590, 1597

Research Notes:

Woulfe (p. 665 s.n. Ruad.) gives the meaning of this byname as "red, red-haired".


Further information about the byname Ruadh, may be found in:

The Sources page lists the Annals referenced below. Information about secondary sources is included on that page as well.

Raw Data

In the table below, I have separated individuals with a blank line. That is, when there are multiple entries in the annals that refer to a single person, those entries are grouped together.

Within the list of entries refering to a single person, I have sorted the entries primarily by orthography when it is obvious that what I am seeing is the same entry showing up in multiple annals. The entries that tend to use older spellings are listed first.

NOTE: The Annals referenced below under the code letters A, B, C, E, & F tend to use later spellings than the other Annals. In some cases, the spellings listed in these Annals may not be appropriate for the year referenced in the Annal entry.

In some Gaelic scripts, there is a character that looks approximately like a lowercase f, but without the crossbar. This character (represented by an underscored , e, in the entries below) sometimes represents e and sometimes ea depending upon the context of the text.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[Standardized form of this man's name]
AnnalsEntryContextCitation (formatting preserved)
(d. 1020)
II1020.6Maelgorm Ruad, in suí a Eoganacht
(d. ?; blinded in 1039)
TT1039.9Murcadh Ruad mac Mail Sechlainn
BM1039.6Murchadh Ruadh, mac Maoileachlainn
(d. 1052)
BM1052.5Cléireach Ruadh Ua Lathacháin
(d. 1055)
II1053.3Domnall Ruad h-Ua Briain
UU1055.1Domnall Ruadh H. Briain
II1055.2Domnall Ruad h-Ua Briain
BM1055.11Domhnall Ruadh ua Briain
(d. 1097)
UU1097.3RFlannacan Ruadh airchinnech Ruis Comain
BM1097.1RFlandaccán Ruadh Ua Dubhthaigh, comharba Commáin & fer leighinn Tuama Da Ghualann
(d. 1109)
UU1109.9Domnall Ruadh m Gilla Patraic ri Osraighi
(d. 1202)
CM1202.6Conchobhar Ruadh mac Domhnaill Uí Bhriain
[Conchobhar Ruadh mac Muircheartaigh Mumnigh Uí Chonchobhair] (d. ?)
Co1231.2Feth fo lige ingen Conchobair Meic Diarmata ben Murcertaig Mumnig meic Toirdilbaig moir h. Conchobair [unrelated] mathair Magnusa meic Murchertaig Mumnig & Conchobair Ruaidh & Tuathail & Toirrdelbaig Sacairt .i. prioir reclesa Petoir & Poil ["Feth fo lige, daughter of Conchobar Mac Diarmata and wife of Muirchertach Muimnech son of Toirrdelbach Mor O Conchobair ... mother of Magnus mac Muirchertaig Muimnig and Conchobar Ruad and Tuathal and Toirrdelbach the priest, prior of the church of Peter and Paul"]
Co1236.12Conchobair Ruaid
Co1246.5Maelsechlainn mac Conchobair Ruaid meic Muirchertaig Mumnig h. Conchobair
Co1247.3mac Conchobair Ruaid meic Murcertaig Mumnig
Co1247.14Tadc mac Conchobair Ruaid
Co1272.2Cathal mac Conchobair Ruaid
Co1284.4Cathal mac Conchobair Ruaid ri Connacht
Co1315.10Aed Ballach mac Magnusa meic Conchobair Ruaid meicc Murcertaig Mumnig
Co1406.6Ruaidri mac Cathail Ruaid meic Conchobair Ruaid meic Murcertaig Mumnig meic Toirrdelbaig Moir Ri
(d. 1244)
II1244.2Domnall Ruad m. Cormaic Liathanaig
(d. 1249)
LCLC1249.13Diarmaid ruad mac Cormaic h-I Mhóilseclainn
CM1249.9 Diarmaid Ruadh mac Corbmaic Uí Maoil Sheachlainn
[Flann Ruadh Ua Flainn] (d. ?)
Co1259.12Flann Ruad h. Flainn toisech tSil Mailruain
[Muris Ruadh Mac Gerailt] (d. 1268)
Co1268.6Muris Ruad Mac Gerailt
CM1268.7Muiris Ruadh Mac Gearailt
[Brian Ruadh Ua Briain] (d. ?)
Co1261.10Brian Ruad h. Briain
CM1261.8Brian Ruadh Ua Briain
Co1268.18Brian Ruad h. mBriain
CM1270.4Brian Ruadh Ua Briain
CM1277.2Brian Ruadh Ua Briain tighearna Tuadhmuman
Co1305.5Toirrdelbach mac Briain Ruaid h. Briain
[Diarmaid Ruadh Mac Diarmata] (d. ?; blinded 1266)
Co1266.7Diarmait Ruad mac Conchobair meic Cormaic Meic Diarmata
CM1266.10Diarmait Ruadh mac Concobhair mic Corbmaic Meic Diarmata
[Domhnall Ruadh Mag Cárthaigh] (d. 1297-1302)
Co1298.6Domnall Ruad Mag Carrthaig ri Desmuman
LCLC1298.6Domnall ruad Mhág Carrthaigh, ri Dessmuman
II1297.9Diarmaid Ruad Ma Cartaigh
CM1302.3Domhnall Ruadh Mag Cartaigh tigerna Desmhumhan
(d. 1304)
II1304.1Tadg Ruad mc. Domnall Ghall Me Carthaigh
(d. 1317)
CM1317.8Mael Iosa Ruadh Mac Aodhaccáin
(d. 1322)
CM1322.17Fearghal Ruadh Mac Samhradhain
[Donnchadh Ruadh Ua Gadhra] (d. 1328)
Co1328.6Dondchad Ruad h. Gadra
CM1328.10Donnchadh Ruadh Ó Gadhra
(d. 1330)
CM1330.4Giolla Ísu Ruadh Ó Raighilligh ticcerna Muintire Maoil Mordha & na Breifne
(d. 1337)
CM1337.9Domhnall Ruadh Ó Maille
[Siúrtán Ruadh Mac Goisdelb] (d. 1340)
Co1340.7Siurtan Ruad Mac Goisdelb
CM1340.6Siúrtan Ruadh Mac Goisdealbhaigh
[Seónag Ruadh] (d. ?)
Co1341.2Muris mac Seonac Ruaid
[Diarmaid Ruadh Mac Diarmata] (d. 1341)
Co1341.11Diarmait Ruad mac Cormaic Oicc Meic Diarmada
CM1341.11Diarmait Ruadh mac Corbmaic Óig Meic Diarmata
[Conchobhar Ruadh Mag Eochagáin] (d. 1342)
Co1342.12Conchobar Ruad Mag Eochacan dux Ceneoil Fiachach
CM1342.7Conchobhar (.i. Concobhar Ruadh) Mag Eochagáin tigerna Cenél Fhiachach
[Seán Ruadh mac Dauíd a Búrc] (d. ?)
Co1347.3Seoan Ruad mac Dauid a Burc
[Aonghas Ruadh Ua Dalaigh] (d. 1350)
Co1350.11Aengus Ruad h. Dalaig sai Erenn re dan
CM1350.9Aonghus Ruadh Ua Dalaigh
Co1367.13Tadc & Lochlainn da mac Aengusa Ruaid h. Dalaig [Note: Tadc & Lochlainn are both sons of Aengus]
CM1367.8Tadhg & Lochlainn da mhac Aongusa Ruaidh Uí Dhalaigh
[Aodh Ruadh Mag Uidhir] (d. 1363)
CM1363.1Aodh Ruadh Mhág Uidhir tighearna Fer Manach
[Diarmaid Ruadh] (d. ?)
Co1365.5Corbmac mac Diarmata Ruaid
[Muircheartach Ruadh Ua Conchobhair] (d. ?)
Co1363.4Muircertach Ruad mac Domnaill Irruis h. Conchobair
[Cathal Ruadh Ua Conchobhair] (d. ?)
Co1316.5Ruaidri macc Cathail Ruaid
Co1366.2Cathal mac Aeda Brefnig meic Cathail Ruaid
Co1374.10Tadcc mac Ruaidri meic Cathail Ruaid h. Conchobair dagmac rig
Co1407.11Eogain meic Cathail meic Aeda Brefnig meic Cathail Ruaid h. Conchobair
[Toirdhealbhach Ruadh Ua Conchobhair] (d. ?)
Co1373.5Toirrdelbach Ruad h. Conchobair
Co1373.5Tairrdelbaig Ruaid
Co1375.3Toirrdelbach Ruad h. Conchobair
Co1478.19Toirrdelbach h. Conchobair mac Toirrdelbaig Ruaid
[Domhnall Ruadh mac Sigraig Uí Churnin] (d. ?)
Co1399.16Domnall Ruad mac Sigraig h. Curnin adbar ollaman na Brefni
[Cu Uladh Ruadh mac Néill Móir mhic Aoidh Úi Néill] (d. 1399)
DM1399.3Cu Uladh (.i. Cu Uladh Ruadh) mac Neill Móir mic Aodha Uí Neill
[Giolla Íosa Ruadh Ua Raigillig] (d. ?)
Co1399.10Domnall mac Gilla Isa Ruaid h. Raigillig
Co1404.25Cormac mac Aeda meic Feidlimid meic Gilla Isa Ruaid h. Raigillig
[Muircheartach Ruadh Ua Birn] (d. ?)
Co1400.29Diarmaid mac Murcertaig Ruaid h. Birn
[Cathal Ruadh Mag Ragnaill] (d. ?)
DM1381.14Dub Cablaigh inghean Aedha meic Diarmata ben Chathail Ruaidh Mhég Raghnaill
Co1401.9Cathal Ruad Mag Ragnaill dux Muintire hEolais
Co1401.9Maelruanaid mac Cathail Ruaid Meg Ragnaill
Co1419.25Fergal mac Cathail Ruaid Meg Ragnaill sarmac taisig
Co1454.2Moelruanaid mac Conchobair meic Cathail Ruaid Meg Ragnaill
Co1463.5Conchobar mac Cathail Ruaid Meg Ragnaill dux Clainni Bibsaig
[Fearghal Ruadh Mag Eochagáin] (d. ?)
Co1400.3Laignech mac Fergail Ruaid meic Donnchada Meg Eochacan
Co1409.4Fergal mac Fergail Ruaid Mec Eochacan meic Dondchada
[Amhlaoibh Ruadh] (d. ?)
Co1408.15Brian Bude mac Amlaib Ruaid
[Aodh Ruadh mac Tomáis Uí Bhirn] (d. ?)
Co1408.15Aed Ruad mac Tomais h. Birn
[Tomaltach Ruadh mac Conchobhair mhic Murgiusa] (d. 1415)
Co1415.3Tomaltach Ruad mac Conchobair meic Murgiusa
DM1415.4Tomaltach Ruadh mac Conchobhair mic Muirghesa
[Tadhg Ruadh Mac Diarmata] (d. ?)
Co1416.15Tadg Occ mac Taidc Ruaid Meic Diarmata Gall tigerna Artig
[Muircheartach Ruadh Mag Eochagáin] (d. ?)
Co1416.29hUilliam Cam mac meic Murcertaig Ruaid Mec Eochaca
Co1420.14Ruaidri mac Murcertaig Ruaid Meg Eochacan
[Diarmaid Ruadh mac Toirdhealbhaigh Óig Uí Chonchobhair] (d. 1419)
Co1419.28Diarmait Ruad mac Toirrdelbaig Oicc h. Conchobair
DM1419.10Diarmaid Ruadh mac Toirrdhealbhaigh óicc Uí Concobhair
[Diarmaid Ruadh mac Uí Chonchobhair] (d. 1419)
DM1419.20Diarmait Ruadh mac Uí Concobair Dhuinn
[Eachmarcach Ruadh Mac Con Midhe] (d. 1420)
DM1420.15Eachmarcach Ruadh Mac Con Midhe
[Muredach Ruadh Mac Lochlainn] (d. ?)
Co1421.11Aed mac Muredaig Ruaid Meic Lochlainn
[Ruaidhrí Ruadh Ua hUiginn] (d. 1425)
DM1425.10Ruaidhri Ruadh Ua h-Uiginn saoí fhir dhana esidhe
[Niall Ruadh mac Éinri Uí Néill] (d. 1432)
SM1432.17Niall Ruadh mac Enri Uí Neill
[Maghnus Ruadh mac Maoileachlainn mhic Fhlaithbheartaigh Uí Ruairc] (d. 1436)
DM1436.7Maghnus Ruadh mac Maoileachlainn mic Flaithbertaigh Ui Ruairc
[Énr& Ruadh mac Briain mhic Ghiolla Fhinnéin] (d. 1439)
D1439.7Enrí Ruadh mac Briain mec Gille Finnén, taoiseach Muintire Peódachain
[Diarmait Ruadh Ua Maoilchonaire] (d. 1441)
Co1441.4Diarmait Ruad h. Mailconaire
[Mathghamhain Ruadh Ó hUiginn] (d. ?)
DM1441.15O h-Uiginn Mathghamhain Ruadh saoi fir dhána
[Diarmaid Ruadh mac Taidhg Uí Chonchobhair] (d. 1446)
Co1446.4Diarmait Ruad mac Taidc h. Conchobair
Co1468.36Ruaidri mac Diarmata Ruaidh meic Taidhg h. Conchobair
Co1478.24Tadg mac Diarmata Ruaid h. Conchobair
[Cathal Ruadh mac Cathail Duibh Uí Chonchobhair] (d. 1451)
DM1451.14Cathal Ruadh mac Cathail Duibh Ui Conchobhair
(d. 1453)
LCLC1453.1Mag Mathgamna [unrelated], .i. Aodh Ruad mac Rugraidhe
[Toirdhealbhach Ruadh mac Briain Ballaigh] (d. 1453)
Co1453.2Toirrdelbach Ruad mac Briain Ballaig
[Fearghal Ruadh Mag Eochagáin] (d. 1458)
Co1458.5Fergal Ruad Mag Eochacan dux Ceneoil Fiachach
[Sitric Ruadh Ua Maoilchonaire] (d. ?)
Co1461.30Diarmaid mac Domnaill meic Eoin mec tSitrica Ruaid h. Mailconaire
(d. ?)
LCLC1461.1Aodh Ruad mac Neill Gairb
[Cathal Ruadh mac Ua Conchobhair] (d. ?)
Co1464.18Cathal Ruad mac h. Conchobair
Co1524.21Toirrdelbach Ruad mac Taidc Buide meic Cathail Ruaid
[Amhlaoibh Ruadh Ua Birn] (d. ?)
Co1464.19Cormac mac Matha meic Amlaib Ruaid h. Birn
[Conchobhar Ruadh Mag Uidir] (d. ?)
Co1464.26Brian mac Conchobair Oicc meic Conchobair Ruaid Meg Udir
[Aodh Ruadh mac Diarmada Móir mhic Diarmada Uí Chonchobhair] (d. ?)
Co1467.6Aed Ruad mac Diarmata Moir meic Diarmata h. Conchobair
[Toirdhealbhach Ruadh mac Briain Óig] (d. ?)
LCLC1470.5Toirrdhealbach Ruad mac Briain Óig
[Conchobhar Ruadh Mac Con Midhe] (d. ?)
Co1481.4Mac Con Midhe .i. Conchobar Ruad
[Seán Ruadh Ua Maoilchonaire] (d. ?)
Co1487.4O Máoilchonaire .i. Sigraidh mac Seain Ruaid
[Fearghal Ruadh Ua hUiginn] (d. ?)
Co1487.8Aodh mac Briain meic Fergail Ruaid hI Uiginn
[Aodh Ruadh] (d. ?)
Co1488.2hAodh mac Aodho Ruaidh
[Cathal Ruadh mac Ruaidhrí mhic Bhriain Bhallaigh Uí Chonchobhair] (d. 1488)
DM1488.3Cathal Ruadh mac Ruaidhri mic Briain Bhallaigh Uí Conchobhair
[Niall Ruadh Ua Baoíghill] (d. ?)
Co1489.3Ó Báighill .i. Toirrdelbach mac Nell Ruaidh
EM1530.14Inghen Uí Bhaoíghill .i. Róis inghen Toirrdhealbhaigh mic Néill Ruaidh
[Seinicín Ruadh Mac Uibilin] (d. ?)
Co1489.5Mac Uibilin .i. Seinicin Ruad
FM1590.6meic Aodh Ruadh
[Aodh Ruadh Mac Mathghamhna] (d. ?)
DM1493.9Caitríona inghen Aodha Ruaidh Még Mathghamhna (ben-sidhe Uí Raghallaigh, .i. Toirrdhealbhaigh mic Seain mic Eoghain)
EM1507.7Siubhán inghen Mhég Mathgamhna (.i. Aedh Ruadh)
Co1522.16Rugraidhe mac Aodho Óic meic Aodho Ruaid Meg Mathgamna
[Aodh Ruadh Ua Domhnaill] (d. ?)
DM1494.1An Inghendubh inghen Uí Dhomhnaill (Aodh Ruadh) ben Neill mic Cuinn mec Aodha Buidhe Uí Neill ["Inneenduv, the daughter of O'Donnell (Hugh Roe), and wife of Niall, son of Con, son of Hugh Boy O'Neill"]
Co1496.2Cunn mac Aodho Ruaid h. Domnaill
Co1503.2Mac h. Domnaill .i. Donnchad mac Aodho Ruaid
Co1508.2d'O Domnaill .i. Aodh Occ mac Aodho Ruaid
Co1515.8Domnall mac Aodho Ruaid h. Domnaill
Co1524.11Inghen h. Domnaill .i. Gormlaith ingen Aodho Ruaid ben Aodha meic Neill meic Cuinn
EM1524.6Gormlaidh inghen Uí Dhomhnaill (Aodh Ruadh) ben Aodha mic Neill mic Cuinn I Néill
EM1528.3Fionnghuala inghean I Bhriain (.i. Conchobhair na Sróna mic Toirrdhealbhaigh mic Briain Catha an Aonaigh) ben Uí Dhomhnaill Aodh Ruadh
EM1551.4Grainne inghen Maghnusa, mic Aodha, mic Aodha Ruaidh ben Uí Ruairc Brian mac Eocchain
EM1566.2Maire inghen Mhaghnasa mic Aodha Duibh mic Aodha Ruaidh Uí Dhomhnaill ben Mécc Aengasa
EM1577.3Meadhbh inghen Aodha Ruaidh Uí Dhomhnaill, ben baoí ó thus ag Mac Gille Eoain i n-Albain
EM1582.1Mairghrég inghen Aodha Duibh, mic Aodha Ruaidh, mic Neill Gairbh, mic Toirrdelbhaigh an Fhiona Uí Dhomhnaill, ben Uí Raighilligh (Maol Mórdha mac Seain, mic Cathail)
FM1590.6Mac Uí Domhnaill .i. Domhnall mac Aodha mic Maghnusa, mic Aodha Duibh, mic Aoda Ruaidh mic Neill Ghairbh mic Toirrdhealbhaigh an Fhiona
[Eoghan Ruadh mac Uí Néill] (d. ?)
EM1508.22Aibhilin inghen Uí Chatháin (.i. Tomas), ben Eoghain Rúaidh meic Uí Neill
[Eoghan Ruadh Mac an Baird] (d. ?)
Co1510.2Eogan Ruad Mac an Baird .i. ollam h. Domnaill
[Eoghan Ruadh Mac Suibhne] (d. ?)
Co1513.16Eoghan Ruad Mac Suipne
[Tadhg Ruadh mac Maoilsechlainn Uí Cheallaigh] (d. ?)
Co1519.16Tadg Ruad mac Maolsechlainn hI Ceallaig. fer frisa n-abarthai Tadc an Calaid ["Tadc Ruad son of Maelsechlainn O Cellaig, who was called 'Tadc of Callow,"]
[Brian Ruadh Mac Conmidhe] (d. ?)
Co1525.6An Decanach mac Briain Ruaid Meic Conmidhe
[Tuathal Ruadh mac Cuinn] (d. ?)
Co1527.22Tuathal Ruad mac Cuinn
[Tadhg Ruadh mac Cairpri] (d. ?)
Co1527.22Diarmaid mac Taidc Ruaid meic Cairpri
[Conchobhar Ruadh mac Fearghail Mhic an Baird Tíri Conoild] (d. ?)
Co1541.11Mac an Baird Tíri Conoild .i. Conchobar Ruad mac Fergail
[Toirdhealbhach Ruadh mac Taidc Buide mhic Cathail Ruaidh Uí Chonchobhair] (d. ?)
Co1524.21Toirrdelbach Ruad mac Taidc Buide meic Cathail Ruaid
Co1542.3O Conchobair Ruad .i. Toirrdelbach Ruad mac Taidc Buide
[Oiluérus Ruadh mac Seáin na Beinne mhic Seáin Ruaidh mhic Seáin na bFiacal] (d. 1579)
EM1579.16Oiluérus Ruadh, mac Seain na Beinne mic Seain Ruaidh, mic Seain na f-Fiacal
(d. ?)
EM1585.8O Raighilligh .i. Sean Ruadh mac Aodha Conallaigh, mic Maoíl Mordha mic Seain, mic Cathail ["O'Reilly (John Roe, the son of Hugh Conallagh, son of Maelmora, son of John, son of Cathal)"]
[Conchobhar Ruadh mac Conchobhair Mhic Uidhir] (d. ?)
FM1589.1Conchobhar Ruadh mac Conchobhair Meg Uidhir
FM1589.1Concobhar Ruadh
[Piarus Ruadh mac Semais mhic Émainn mhic Risdeaird iarla Urmuman] (d. ?)
FM1589.3Elinora ingen iarla Desmumhan .i. Semus mac Seain, mic Tomais, mic Semuis mic Geróitt ben Uí Ruairc, & ben meic iarla Urmumhan .i. Eduard mac Semuis mic Piarais Ruaidh mic Semais, mic Emainn
FM1597.10Oilen Buitiler inghen iarla Urmumhan .i.Piarus Ruadh, mac Semais, mic Emainn, mic Risdeird ben an dara h-iarla do h-oirdneadh ar Thuadhmumhain .i. Donnchadh, mac Concobair mic Toirrdhealbhaigh Uí Briain
[Aodh Ruadh Ua Domhnaill] (d. ?)
FM1590.14Aodh Ruadh Ua Domhnaill

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