by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien)
© 2000-2006 by Kathleen M. O'Brien. All rights reserved.
Version 2.1, updated 04 July 2006
What we know as a set of Irish Annals are manuscripts that were each compiled during a particular time period, usually using older material as sources. For example, when the Annals of the Four Masters were written from 1632 to 1636, they covered events that occurred centuries and millenia before (including legendary history). So, when an entry in this set of annals refers to a person who lived in the year 738, the spelling used for that person's name is very likely not using the spelling that would have been used in 738.
Standard forms of this name (based on spelling systems of different periods) would be:
|Old Irish Gaelic (c700-c900) genitive form:
|Number of men found in the annals with this name:
|Found in Years:
The meaning of this byname is given in regards to a man's name in 861 (FM vol. 1, p. 498, footnote "h"):
Luimneach - This was originally the name of the Lower Shannon; but at this period it cease to be the name of the river, and was usually applied to the Danish fortress at Limerick.
[Answering a question about a standardized form of this byname:]
The DIL gives Luimnech as the nominative for the city name (there's also an o-/a-stem adjective luimnech meaning "cloaked"). Assuming the name in the annals citation above has the byname in the genitive, it's being treated as if it were an adjective in -ech. So your standaradized form of the byname (i.e., in the genitive) would either be Luimnigh as in the annals, or Luimnig if you're habitually using that variant for final "gh". [email from Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn - 16 Mar 2004]
Further information about the byname Luimnig, may be found in:
The Sources page lists the Annals referenced below. Information about secondary sources is included on that page as well.
In the table below, I have separated individuals with a blank line. That is, when there are multiple entries in the annals that refer to a single person, those entries are grouped together.
Within the list of entries refering to a single person, I have sorted the entries primarily by orthography when it is obvious that what I am seeing is the same entry showing up in multiple annals. The entries that tend to use older spellings are listed first.
NOTE: The Annals referenced below under the code letters A, B, C, E, & F tend to use later spellings than the other Annals. In some cases, the spellings listed in these Annals may not be appropriate for the year referenced in the Annal entry.
In some Gaelic scripts, there is a character that looks approximately like a lowercase f,
but without the crossbar. This character (represented by an underscored Medieval Scotland | Medieval Names Archive | Index of Names in Irish Annals Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.
[Standardized form of this man's name] Annals Entry Context Citation (formatting preserved)  (d. 861) A M861.11 Fiach Luimnigh ["Fiach of Luimneach"] (d. ?) I I969.3 N Ímar Luimnich
Feminine Given Names | Feminine Descriptive Bynames | Masculine Given Names | Masculine Descriptive Bynames
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Medieval Scotland | Medieval Names Archive | Index of Names in Irish Annals
Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.