by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien)
© 2000-2006 by Kathleen M. O'Brien. All rights reserved.
Version 2.1, updated 11 September 2006
What we know as a set of Irish Annals are manuscripts that were each compiled during a particular time period, usually using older material as sources. For example, when the Annals of the Four Masters were written from 1632 to 1636, they covered events that occurred centuries and millenia before (including legendary history). So, when an entry in this set of annals refers to a person who lived in the year 738, the spelling used for that person's name is very likely not using the spelling that would have been used in 738.
Standard forms of this name (based on spelling systems of different periods) would be:
|Old Irish Gaelic (c700-c900) nominative form:||Cáel|
|Old Irish Gaelic (c700-c900) genitive form:|
|Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c1200-c1700) nominative form:||Caol|
|Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c1200-c1700) genitive form:||Caoíl|
|Number of men found in the annals with this name:||3|
|Found in Years:||634, 637, 640, 641, 643, 650, 651, 653, 654, 681, 1470|
The meaning "the Slender", is given in regards to a man's name in 1470 (FM vol. 4, p. 1066, footnote "i").
The meaning of this byname is identified in the index of another source:
"Cobthach Coel (thin) 304; son of Úgaine Mór." [Fingal Rónán and Other Stories, p. 86]
Further information about the byname Cáel / Caol, may be found in:
The Sources page lists the Annals referenced below. Information about secondary sources is included on that page as well.
In the table below, I have separated individuals with a blank line. That is, when there are multiple entries in the annals that refer to a single person, those entries are grouped together.
Within the list of entries refering to a single person, I have sorted the entries primarily by orthography when it is obvious that what I am seeing is the same entry showing up in multiple annals. The entries that tend to use older spellings are listed first.
NOTE: The Annals referenced below under the code letters A, B, C, E, & F tend to use later spellings than the other Annals. In some cases, the spellings listed in these Annals may not be appropriate for the year referenced in the Annal entry.
In some Gaelic scripts, there is a character that looks approximately like a lowercase f,
but without the crossbar. This character (represented by an underscored Medieval Scotland | Medieval Names Archive | Index of Names in Irish Annals Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.
[Standardized form of this man's name] Annals Entry Citation (formatting preserved) (d. 653) U U637.1 Conall Coel m. Maele Cobo T T637.2 Conall Cael mac Maile Coba CS CS637 Conall Cael mac Maelcoba A M634.5 c-Conall c-Caol, mac Maoil Cobha U U643.5 Cellach & Conall Cael, .i. da mc. Mhail Choba mc. Aedha mc. Ainmirech ["Cellach and Conall Cael i.e. two sons of Mael Cobo son of Aed son of Ainmire"] T T643.1 Conall Cael CS CS643 Conall Cáel A M640.1 do Chonall Caol & do Cheallach, dá mhac Maoil Cobha, mic Aodha, mic Ainmirech U U643.7 Conall Cael T T643.4 Conall Cael CS CS643 Conall Cáel A M641.1 Chonall U U650.2 Filii Maele Cobha [unrelated] Ceallach & Conall Caél ["the sons of Mael Coba, i.e. Cellach and Conall Cael"] T T650.2 Filii Mael Choba [unrelated] .i. Cellach & Conall Cael CS CS650 Filii Maelcoba [unrelated] .i. Conall Cáel et Cellach A M651.1 Chonall U U653.2 Conaill Cail [Note: the name is in the genitive case due to sentence structure.] T T653.5 Conaill Coir [Note: the name is in the genitive case due to sentence structure.] CS CS653 Conaill Coir [Note: the name is in the genitive case due to sentence structure.] A M654.1 Chonall (d. 681) U U681.3 Conaill Choil filii Dunchado [Note: the name is in the genitive case due to sentence structure.] T T681.2 Conaill Chail, maic Dunchada [Note: the name is in the genitive case due to sentence structure.] (d. ?) D M1470.2 Art mac Domhnaill Chaoíl Uí Neill
Feminine Given Names | Feminine Descriptive Bynames | Masculine Given Names | Masculine Descriptive Bynames
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Medieval Scotland | Medieval Names Archive | Index of Names in Irish Annals
Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.