by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien)
© 2000-2006 by Kathleen M. O'Brien. All rights reserved.
Version 2.3, updated 10 June 2006
"Crooked" (refers to physical appearance, posture)
What we know as a set of Irish Annals are manuscripts that were each compiled during a particular time period, usually using older material as sources. For example, when the Annals of the Four Masters were written from 1632 to 1636, they covered events that occurred centuries and millenia before (including legendary history). So, when an entry in this set of annals refers to a person who lived in the year 738, the spelling used for that person's name is very likely not using the spelling that would have been used in 738.
Standard forms of this name (based on spelling systems of different periods) would be:
|Old Irish Gaelic (c700-c900) nominative form:||Camm, Camb|
|Old Irish Gaelic (c700-c900) genitive form:||Caimm, Caimb|
|Middle Irish Gaelic (c900-c1200) nominative form:||Cam|
|Middle Irish Gaelic (c900-c1200) genitive form:||Caim|
|Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c1200-c1700) nominative form:||Cam|
|Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c1200-c1700) genitive form:||Caim|
|Number of men found in the annals with this name:||19|
|Found in Years:||743, 1038, 1389, 1393, 1398, 1405, 1408, 1411, 1416, 1441, 1444, 1448, 1459, 1463, 1464, 1488, 1492, 1497, 1505, 1512, 1529, 1565, 1584|
The meaning "the Crooked" is given in regards to a man's name in 1441 (FM vol. 4, p. 924, footnote "e").
[Answering a question about a standardized Old Irish form of this byname:]
It's OIr camm. The Common Celtic root is *kambo-, which explains the b in the Tigernach and Ulster versions; presumably the corresponding early nominative would be camb. The situation is parallel to that of nd, which became nn at an early date (as in find ~ finn). I have the impression from a comment in Thurneysen, however, that the tendency to assimilate the b was stronger, so that camb and caimb would be conservative spellings even in Old Irish. I'd normalize it to camm and caimm and explain that camb and caimb were rare very early variants. [email from Talan Gwynek - 10 Jun 2006]
Further information about the byname Camm, Cam, may be found in:
The Sources page lists the Annals referenced below. Information about secondary sources is included on that page as well.
In the table below, I have separated individuals with a blank line. That is, when there are multiple entries in the annals that refer to a single person, those entries are grouped together.
Within the list of entries refering to a single person, I have sorted the entries primarily by orthography when it is obvious that what I am seeing is the same entry showing up in multiple annals. The entries that tend to use older spellings are listed first.
NOTE: The Annals referenced below under the code letters A, B, C, E, & F tend to use later spellings than the other Annals. In some cases, the spellings listed in these Annals may not be appropriate for the year referenced in the Annal entry.
In some Gaelic scripts, there is a character that looks approximately like a lowercase f,
but without the crossbar. This character (represented by an underscored Medieval Scotland | Medieval Names Archive | Index of Names in Irish Annals Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.
[Standardized form of this man's name] Annals Entry Context Citation (formatting preserved) [Art Cam Ua Faoláin] Co 1398.26 Art Cam h. Faelan [Colmán Cam Ua Conghaile] (d. 1038) U U1038.1 Colman Cam H. Conghaile ri H. m-Bresail [Cormac Cam mac Maghnusa mhic Fheidhlimidh] Co 1448.5 Corpmac Camb mac Magnusa meic Fedlimid [Cuan Camm] (d. 743-748) T T748.2 R? Cuain Caimb sapientis U U748.2 R? Cuain Caimb sapientis A M743.5 R? Cuan Camm egnaidh ["Cuan Cam the Wise"] [Domhnall Cam mac Conchobhair Mhic Dhonnchaidh] (d. 1464) Co 1464.52 Domnall Cam mac Conchobair Meic Dondchada D M1464.8 Domhnall Cam mac Concobhair Mec Donnchaidh D M1464.30 Domnall Cam mac Conchobhair Mec Donnchaidh [Donnchadh Cam Ua Lochlainn] Co 1405.6 Dondchad Cam h. Lochlainn ri Corcu Mruad [Domhnall Cam Ua hUiginn] Co 1529.6 O hUiginn .i. Domnall Cam E M1505.13 Brian Ócc mac Briain mic Domhnaill Chaim Uí Uiccinn [Maolsechlainn Cam Ua Lochlainn] Co 1389.6 Maeilsechlainn Cam O Lochlaind ri Chorco Mruad D M1389.4 Maoilechlainn Cam Ua Lochlainn tighearna Corc' Modruadh [Muircheartach Cam] Co 1411.21 Murcertach Cam [Muiris Cam mac Ruaidhrí Mheg Eochagáin] (d. 1393) Co 1393.13 Muris Cam mac Ruaidri Meg Eochacan D M1393.9 Muiris Cam mac Ruaidhri Még Eochagain [Piaras Cam Ua Luinín] (d. 1441) FM vol. 4, p. 924, 1441 R Piarus camm ua luinín saoi senchad.a & f.ir dana airchindeach na hárda, & trin airig maelainn D M1441.10 R Piarus Camm Ua Luinín saoi senchadha & fhir dana airchindeach na h-árda, & trin Airig Maelain [Seaan Cam mac Con Uladh Mhic an Bhaird] (d. 1459) Co M1459.11 Sean Cam mac Con Uladh Mec an Bhaird Co 1488.12 Mac an Bhaird Oirghíall [unrelated] .i. Nuadho mac Seáin Caim [Seaan Cam Ó Seachnasaigh] D M1408.11 Sean Cam Ó Sechnasaigh [Seaan Cam] D M1497.15 AN Elinora ingen Tomais (.i. iarla Cille Dara) mic Seain Caim ben Uí Neill (Conn mac Enri mic Eoccain) [Siaccus Cam (mac Feidhlim or mac Fearghail?)] (d. 1463) Co 1463.27 Siaccus Cam mac Fedlim tigerna Clainni hAmlaib h. Fergail D M1463.8 Siacus Cam mac Fergail tighearna Cloinne h-Amlaoibh Ui Fhergail [Síoda Cam Mac Con Mara] (d. 1444) D M1444.15 Síoda Camm Mac Con Mara taoiseach Cloinne Cuiléin [Tadhg Cam Ó Cléirigh] Co 1492.7 Tadg Cam Ó Cléirigh .i. senchu Chenéil Conoill E M1512.5 Tuathal Ó Cleirigh (.i. Ó Cleiricch) mac Taidhcc Caim saoí h-i senchus & h-i n-dan, fer tighe aoidhedh coitchinn E M1584.12 An Cosnamhach mac Con Coiccriche, mic Diarmada, mic Taidhcc Caim Uí Cleirigh [Tadhg Cam mac Tuathail Uí Chléirigh] E M1565.6 O Cleirigh Tadhcc Cam mac Tuathail ollamh Uí Dhomhnaill [Uilliam Cam mac mhic Mhuircheartaigh Ruaidh Mheg Eochagáin] Co 1416.29 hUilliam Cam mac meic Murcertaig Ruaid Mec Eochacan
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Kathleen M. O'Brien's articles are hosted by Medieval Scotland, which is published by Sharon L. Krossa (contact). Shopping online? How you can support this site.